How to find a leak in an above ground pool and repair it: simple tips to fix your vinyl liner

We explain how to find a leak in an above ground pool and what to do once you've identified it

above ground pool in garden
(Image credit: aerofokus/Alamy Stock Photo)

Learning how to find a leak in an above ground pool and then repair it is one of those things you might not think about until it actually happens. But when it does, the process is surprisingly simple – so there's no need to despair (or, in most cases, splash out on a new one).

As you'll know if you've already perused our above ground pool ideas, there are plenty of reasons why they make great additions to a plot. And not only do they have a lower price point than inground designs, but they are also easier to repair if a crack does appear.

From how to identify a leak to how to fix it, we've got all the info you need, so you can keep enjoying your pool all summer long.

above ground pool

Repairing a leak as soon as possible will help prolong your pool's life

(Image credit: Natalia Zhukova/iStock/Getty Images Plus/Getty Images)

How to find a leak in an above ground pool easily

The telltale sign of knowing if your pool has got a leak is the water level dropping. However, 'as water can be lost from a swimming pool for several perfectly normal reasons, such as splashing and evaporation, it is important to identify if this is the case, or whether the pool tank is leaking,' says The Swimming Pool & Allied Trade Association (SPATA) (opens in new tab).

'The rate of evaporation is increased by the wind speed across the surface of the water,' they explain. 'The amount of evaporation is difficult to calculate due to the constantly varying factors but an average of 3mm [0.1in] in 24 hours (when an indoor pool is uncovered) is a guide and it can be significantly higher for outdoor pools.'

Whether you're using your above ground pool for a pool party or just for a solo dip, water will also be lost from getting out of it. This can amount to 0.75 of a liter per person each time they exit, says SPATA.

But if your pool's water levels are dropping quicker than usual, or you've noticed a muddy, waterlogged patch on your lawn beside your pool, then the issue is probably a leak.

You can buy dye tests online (try Amazon) (opens in new tab) which will help you pinpoint exactly where the leak is underwater. Try to narrow down the area where the hole is first, by looking for damp patches on the ground outside of the pool. Then, drop a bit of ink in the water around the suspected area, close to the sides of the pool. If there is a crack, the dye will be drawn towards it. Ensure the water is as still as possible before trying this method.

above ground pool with log store

You can use a dye test kit to identify the leak

(Image credit: Animaflora/iStock/Getty Images Plus/Getty Images)

How to fix a leak in an above ground pool in 6 steps

Even the best above ground pools can suffer from wear and tear. But learning how to fix a leak will make them last longer.

All your need is a vinyl plastic pool patch (available on Amazon) (opens in new tab). Then, simply follow these steps:

  1. There is generally no need to empty your above ground pool before repairing a leak as patches can be applied underwater. If however, your water level has dropped beneath the leak, it's still fine to add the patch to a dry surface.
  2. Gently clean the area around the leak using a non-abrasive cloth to remove any pool algae or other dirt.
  3. The next step depends on what sort of patch you are using. Some peel-and-stick designs are pre-cut. Alternatively, patch kits will require you to cut the material to size, rounding off the corners so it's less prone to snagging. Either way, you'll generally want your patch to be 3–4in larger than the hole or crack.
  4. If you've bought a patch kit, apply the adhesive to the back of your patch. if you've gone for peel-and-stick patches, now's the time to peel off the back of the patch. 
  5. Stick the patch firmly over the hole and press it down, pushing out any air bubbles or water (if underwater) beneath it.
  6. Leave undisturbed for at least half an hour so it can bond securely to the side of your pool.

The experts at Swim University (opens in new tab) explain how you can double up your patches for peace of mind. Cut the second patch larger than the first, so that it sticks to both the patch beneath and the pool itself. Also, ensure you let the first one dry fully first before applying the second one.

above ground pool in garden

Repairing a hole in the vinyl of an above ground pool is easier than you might think

(Image credit: aerofokus/Alamy Stock Photo)

How long will a patch repair last on an above ground pool?

Learning how to find a leak in an above ground pool and then fix it will undoubtedly help to prolong its life – sometimes for a good few years. 

However, the patches won't last forever. How long exactly depends on how big the crack was to begin with, the quality of the repair patch, and also where the leak is. If it's somewhere that gets a lot of traffic, such as near the steps, it's likely to weaken quicker. 

Eventually, as your above ground pool liner thins and develops more and more leaks, the time will come to replace it completely. On the bright side, this will give you the perfect opportunity to try out some new backyard pool ideas.

above ground pool with yellow wall

Vinyl patches won't last forever, but they will allow you to keep using your pool for longer

(Image credit: Joaquin Corbalan pastor/Alamy Stock Photo)

Can you use tape to repair an above ground pool leak?

You can buy waterproof tape that offers a quick and affordable fix for above ground pool leaks. However, it's best to save this for minor cracks, as according to Swim University, it tends to peel over time.

How do you fix a leak in a concrete above ground pool?

If your above ground pool is made of concrete, then the leak will need to be fixed with pool plaster. This is trickier to fix yourself – calling for tools such as a masonry saw and muriatic acid – so if in doubt, call in a professional.

Holly Crossley
Senior Content Editor

The garden was always a big part of Holly's life growing up, as was the surrounding New Forest where she lived. Her appreciation for the great outdoors has only grown since then. She's been an allotment keeper, a professional gardener, and a botanical illustrator – plants are her passion.